Welcome to my millinery tutorial.  Miniature hats are a fun and creative project.  The styles, trimmings, and variations are endless.  The methods I will show you are the same basic techniques that I use when making my own miniature hats.  I do not claim to have developed every technique in this tutorial.  There are many excellent books, videos, articles, and expert hatmakers out there.  I have tried to research all available techniques and methods available to develop one that would work best for me in creating 1/12 scale hats.  The resulting techniques is a  combination of research, experimentation, and lots and lots of mistakes.  

Everyone develops their own methods, and I encourage you to develop your own.  My techniques reflect the things that are most important to me.  All of the edges of my hats, inside and out are completely finished, with no raw edges anywhere.  This means extra work, but a well finished hat is important to me.  You may decide to eliminate some of these steps in order to simplify construction.  Scale is also very important to me, and since I am also a doll maker, these hats are sized to be in scale both in miniature room settings and to fit well on my miniature dolls.  Remember that some of those elaborate hairdo's we put on our dolls need to be considered when making a hat.

Enough lecturing, let's make a hat!

 

Card Stock: paper 8 1/2"  x 11" to use in your printer

Aleen's Designer Tacky Glue (my favorite)

Wonder Under or other double sided fusable adhesive

Fabric 6" x 6" piece will make one hat.  I only use light to medium weight silks, but rayon is also glueable, and less expensive so it is a good fabric to use to practice with.

Laces:  An assortment of narrow cotton laces is wonderful to have on hand.

Silk Ribbon:  1/8" and 1/4" widths are generally used, and you will find that you can never have enough colors!

Trimmings:  Yes, there are always ribbon roses, but lesson two will take you beyond the ribbon rose and give you lots of ideas for other wonderful trimmings.

"Good" Scissors:  Small, Sharp scissors for fabric and ribbon ONLY.

"Not-so-Good" Scissors;  for paper or anything else that isn't fabric!

Needle Tool

Rose Making Tool

Fine point glue syringe

Iron

Patience;  Not available in any stores, but a must have for fiddly mini work.  With time, you will find that the more you have, the less you need.

 

Now, put a piece of cardstock in your printer, click on the hat, and print out your pattern, then come right back here, and lets get started!

 

 

So that we will all be using the same pieces at the same time, here is a diagram of the three basic parts of a hat.  Regardless of style, most hats consist of these three pieces.

 

Cut a piece of wonder under just smaller than your cardstock pattern sheet.  Place the pattern face down on your ironing board, and place the wonder under face down on the back of your pattern.  (Paper side of wonder under will be facing up.  If not, prepare to clean your iron!)

Using medium heat, and firm pressure, fuse the wonder under to the back of the pattern sheet.  Allow to cool, the peel the paper backing off.  If backing does not come off easily, reheat till it is well fused, and try again.

Cut out your pattern pieces, cutting just inside the lines.    Place your fabric right side down on your ironing board.  Arrange the pattern pieces on the fabric with the wonder under side down. 

IMPORTANT:   Leave 1/2" between each piece in every direction!

 

Cut out each pattern piece, leaving 1/4" around all outside edges.  

For the tip piece, cut this out right along the edge of the cardstock edge.  Now, fuse a scrap of wonder under to the uncovered side of the tip, and fuse fabric to this side, and trim.  Both sides of the tip should be covered with fabric now, and trimmed neatly around cardstock base.

Cut small notches around the outside edges of the brim pieces.  When notching, use those Good scissors, and cut right up to, but not thru the card stock base.
Now cut carefully between the ends of the brim pieces, and into the inner circle.  Trim the inner circle, leaving 1/4" around the inside edge.  Also, cut off the corners on ONE end of the brim only.
Cut notches along both long edges of the crown pieces.  Study the picture and see that the corner pieces on one end of the crown have been clipped.

 To finish the brim edges, run a small, narrow bead of glue along the edge of the cardstock.  It doesn't take much, especially if you are using  Designer Tacky.  Work small sections at a time, and fold the notches over into the glue.  Your needle tool is helpful with this step, particularly if you don't like sticky fingers!  Repeat for the center portion of the crown.  Fold and glue the end of the crown that was notched.  Leave the other end to extend as a tab.  This is important, as you will need this tab later to hold things together.
Finish the edges of the crown pieces in the same manner, making sure that you glue under the notched end, and leave the other end extended as a tab.

Very good!  Now get up and stretch, wash those sticky fingers,  have a glass of ice tea, then we'll go on to the next step!

If you would like to print out this Lesson,

 use this link to reach a printer friendly version

Printer Friendly Version

 

Thank you for visiting my site, 
and taking an interest in my class.
Just as a gentle reminder, 
This class has been designed 
to help you learn the basics of hat making. 
Please visit this site as often as you like,
to help you with your hat making skills. 
This class, photos, & instructions are 
copy-righted & are not to be used 
as a tutorial of your own. 

This means you may not copy and post this tutorial to

your own website,

or print it out and sell or distribute it as your own.